1-The world economy in 2018
The situation in brief
The year 2018 paves the way for growth for all the major economic blocs of the world that are America, Asia, and Europe. The large debt that has held back the economic recovery of several countries since the recession of 2008 still leaves some traces but the situation is now considered less problematic beacause of favorable global financial environment and recovery in advanced countries. The table below shows the evolution of global growth by block size since 2016. It also presents the forecasts of the World Bank and the International Monetary … Lire la suite
United States (US) represents one fifth of the world economy (GDP of 17 400 billion $). It is considered the world’s largest economy. It also counts for 19 924 kilometers of marine coastline, 6 000 kilometers of river length and 250 000 km2 area of its Great Lakes.  With all these assets, why doesn’t it hold shipping capacity in the world ? The US has become international success in many fields such as automotive, information technology, aeronautics , chemistry, and culture sectors. But, why not in maritime sector ?
Those following figures illustrate the paradox. In 2015, among the … Lire la suite
This article is not a pedagogical guide or a scientific method for carrying out Business Resilience Plans (BRP). Rather, its objective is to highlight elements specific to the maritime sector.
Readers interested in acquiring further knowledge may refer to several excellent documents. (ex. Community Resilience Planning Guide )
Part 1: Business Resilience Plan in General
1.1 What is a Business Resilience Plan (BRP)
A BRP’s goal is to ensure resumption and continuity of … Lire la suite
1-Significant efforts to reduce greenhouse gases around the world
For several years, significant efforts have been made to promote renewable energies. It has been arduous and time-consuming to implement commitments of the Kyoto Protocol and the Conferences of the Parties (COP) United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change. Almost 20 years were needed to develop concerted action on this issue among the world’s major countries. 1
The Paris Agreement of 2015 (COP21) is historic because it engages 195 countries to reduce emissions of greenhouse gases and to stabilize climate warming due to human activities to less than 2 ° C … Lire la suite
CETA WILL GIVE ACCESS TO 500 MILLION CONSUMERS
The Government of Canada claims that the Canada-EU Comprehensive Economic and Trade Agreement (CETA) will give Canadian companies preferential access to 500 million European consumers, a market evaluated at $ 18 trillion . Accordingly, bilateral trade would increase by 20 percent and would increase Canada’s GDP by $ 12 billion a year. This would create nearly 80,000 new jobs and increase the average Canadian household’s annual income by $ 1,000. 
Are these predictions realistic ? What are the business opportunities for transport and maritime companies? In order to answer … Lire la suite
As 2016, three trends will describe maritime industry in 2017: 1-an increased volatility of demand 2- a sustained but uneven global recovery 3- a restructuring of the maritime supply. This text presents an analysis of these trends.
1- An increased volatility of demand
1.1 New external factors
Variability of the risk makes demand for transport less predictable. In 2016, several factors triggered this instability, including fluctuations of exchange rates, slowdown of Chinese economy, lower oil prices and difficulties of the European economy.
In 2017, recovering of American and European economies is well engaged. Despite a slight slowdown of the … Lire la suite
Use of transportation by barge
The systems of transportation by barge have long been used as an alternative to land transport. This mean of transportation is competitive to trains and trucks. In addition, it significantly allows the reduction of the environmental footprint of the transport of goods.
There are two major segments in the market, long and the short distance.
Long-distance is used in large rivers, such as Mississippi, Rhine, Danube and St Lawrence in transporting the goods from one end to the other of the continents.
This system is competitive to trains and trucks, but its performance depends greatly … Lire la suite
Context of the Conference
On June 15 in Detroit, Michigan, United States governors and premiers of Canadian provinces made public the first “regional strategy” designed to increase shipping in the Great Lakes and St. Lawrence river. This strategy proposes an integrated vision of the maritime system of the Great Lakes and St. Lawrence and calls for better coordination of decisions between different jurisdictions and cooperation.
It plan to double marine trade, reduce the environmental footprint of the transport network in the region and support its industrial core. The strategy is expected to boost the regional economy by 5 000 billion … Lire la suite
A WINNING MARITIME STRATEGY
Can governments contribute to the development of the shipbuilding industry without resorting to public procurement? In a North American context, can we gain market share on Asia, the dominant player in this field?
A report released by researchers at the National Defense University (Eisenhower school) in the spring of 2015 partially addresses these issues.  It concludes that they are competitiveness problems in the U.S. industry against Asia. China, Japan and South Korea now occupy more than 80% of the market share of shipbuilding on the commercial segment contracts.
Analysis of the strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and … Lire la suite
On June 26, the Government of Panama announced, with great fanfare, the completion of the expansion of the Panama canal. It was a historic event for this small Central America country. The crowd was awaiting the traverse of the first container ship, a Cosco ship from Asia, measuring 300 meters long, 48.25 metres wide and capable of carrying 9 500 containers (TEUS): two times the maximum capacity of the old locks.
62 international delegations were invited to listen to the speech by President Juan Carlos Varela Rodríguez. The event reflected the project: the Panama canal plays a strategic role … Lire la suite