A WINNING MARITIME STRATEGY
Can governments contribute to the development of the shipbuilding industry without resorting to public procurement? In a North American context, can we gain market share on Asia, the dominant player in this field?
A report released by researchers at the National Defense University (Eisenhower school) in the spring of 2015 partially addresses these issues.  It concludes that they are competitiveness problems in the U.S. industry against Asia. China, Japan and South Korea now occupy more than 80% of the market share of shipbuilding on the commercial segment contracts.
Analysis of the strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and threats (SWOT), , highlights the importance of the national defense budget to compensate for the weaknesses of U.S. industry in the commercial segment.
Currently, this industry survives almost exclusively on public procurement, notably with the military sector. It represented 38.1 billion $ in 2014, and is expected to grow annually by 3.9% per year until 2019, or 46 billion $. Barely 15% of revenues of the U.S. industry are related to the export.
One of the flagships of the report recommendations is that, in order to ensure predictability of revenues of the industry, a strategy of public long-term purchases is necessary, as what presumably has been done in Canada.  However, an approach which uses public procurement for economic development purposes may have some shortcomings: it makes governments abdicate the implementation of structural measures for commercial market development; it distorts the objectives of a public policy of national defense in favor of strictly economic ones and, ultimately, undermines the efforts of the industry to increase its productivity, which would make it more competitive commercial international markets.
We must recognize that government contracts are important to ensure and maintain shipbuilding industry’s development. But dependence on collateral in the long term, as … Lire la suite