United States (US) represents one fifth of the world economy (GDP of 17 400 billion $). It is considered the world’s largest economy. It also counts for 19 924 kilometers of marine coastline, 6 000 kilometers of river length and 250 000 km2 area of its Great Lakes.  With all these assets, why doesn’t it hold shipping capacity in the world ? The US has become international success in many fields such as automotive, information technology, aeronautics , chemistry, and culture sectors. But, why not in maritime sector ?
Those following figures illustrate the paradox. In 2015, among the … Lire la suite
1-Significant efforts to reduce greenhouse gases around the world
For several years, significant efforts have been made to promote renewable energies. It has been arduous and time-consuming to implement commitments of the Kyoto Protocol and the Conferences of the Parties (COP) United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change. Almost 20 years were needed to develop concerted action on this issue among the world’s major countries. 1
The Paris Agreement of 2015 (COP21) is historic because it engages 195 countries to reduce emissions of greenhouse gases and to stabilize climate warming due to human activities to less than 2 ° C … Lire la suite