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December 2016 Flags of convenience

Flags of convenience

THE CURRENT SITUATION

A flag of convenience is the flag of a vessel for which the actual property and control are located in a country other than that of the flag under which it is registered. For the owners of these vessels, the benefits are numerous,[1] including in the field of taxation, of security or labor law.

It is a phenomenon related to globalization. In 2015, they represented 71% of the total tonnage of the merchant navy. [][2] The world fleet operated under 152 pavilions. Three of these pavilions, Panama, Liberia and Marshall Islands accounted for 42.8% of … Lire la suite

November 2016 Transportation by barge as an alternative to intermodal transport

Use of transportation by barge

The systems of transportation by barge have long been used as an alternative to land transport. This mean of transportation is competitive to trains and trucks. In addition, it significantly allows the reduction of the environmental footprint of the transport of goods.

There are two major segments in the market, long and the short distance.

Long-distance is used in large rivers, such as Mississippi, Rhine, Danube and St Lawrence in transporting the goods from one end to the other of the continents.

This system is competitive to trains and trucks, but its performance depends greatly … Lire la suite

AUGUST 2016 FOR THE DEVELOPEMENT OF SHIPBUILDING INDUSTRY

A WINNING MARITIME STRATEGY

Can governments contribute to the development of the shipbuilding industry without resorting to public procurement? In a North American context, can we gain market share on Asia, the dominant player in this field?

A report released by researchers at the National Defense University (Eisenhower school) in the spring of 2015 partially addresses these issues. [1] It concludes that they are competitiveness problems in the  U.S. industry against Asia. China, Japan and South Korea now occupy more than 80% of the market share of shipbuilding on the commercial segment contracts.

Analysis of the strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and … Lire la suite

JULY 2016 – THE CONDITIONS FOR SUCCESS OF THE NEW PANAMA CANAL

The Panama canal

Introduction

On June 26, the Government of Panama announced, with great fanfare, the completion of the expansion of the Panama canal. It was a historic event for this small Central America country. The crowd was awaiting the traverse of the first container ship, a Cosco ship from Asia, measuring 300 meters long, 48.25 metres wide and capable of carrying 9 500 containers (TEUS): two times the maximum capacity of the old locks.

62 international delegations were invited to listen to the speech by President Juan Carlos Varela Rodríguez. The event reflected the project: the Panama canal plays a strategic role … Lire la suite

JUNE 2016, OVERVIEW OF THE CANADIAN MARITIME ENVIRONMENT

By 2015, a lower demand for natural resources has had a considerable impact on the volume of cargo handled at Canadian port authorities.  There is a slowdown in activities in almost all port sites. However, this decrease has been more pronounced for 2016.

To understand the differences and determine cause of the declines, we will present an analysis of the activities of three Canadian port authorities; those of Vancouver, Montreal and Quebec City. In this regard, a composite indices measuring the Canadian port activity have been developed. These indices are based on trends in the international trade of  over 50 … Lire la suite

MAY 2016 PPP TO THE RESCUE OF THE FINANCING OF PORT INFRASTRUCTURE

For several years public-private partnerships (PPP) have been used as an alternative to public financing of major infrastructure projects. They have been applied to several areas, notably health, transportation, technology, information and the environment. PPP are still very popular throughout the world, particularly in  developing countries.

PPP in the maritime sector are not as well documented as those in other sectors. However, several major port infrastructure projects were funded according to this embodiment. Their popularity can be explained in several ways. It is largely related to  movements of privatization and liberalization around the world. These movements began in the 1970s, … Lire la suite

MAY 2016, FUNDING FOR THE QUÉBEC MARITIME STRATEGY: ISSUES AND PERSPECTIVES

By Gilles Couture

The St. Lawrence River is the shortest waterway between Europe and the centre of North America. The transport system St. Lawrence-Great Lakes therefore constitutes a lever important for economic activity and industrial of the American continent. It is with this in mind that the main objective of the Québec maritime strategy is to give a new impetus to shipping on the St. Lawrence River by investing in port infrastructure; energizing Quebec shipyards; developing intermodal transport and maritime tourism; as well as investing in the research and development of marine technology in order to ensure the sustainability of … Lire la suite

APRIL 2016, CRUISE TOURISM: A CHARACTERIZATION OF THE GROWTH CYCLE

INTRODUCTION

Who hasn’t dreamt of vacationing  in the Caribbean or the Mediterranean? Navigating gently on the waves of summer, tasting the salt air or discovering new cultures. Cruises will take us there. From the easy comfort of our cabin, we can explore the world.

The cruise industry is growing. For years the seas were accessible to few, but today, cruises have democratized the access to eater and nature.

The cruise industry cycle will last for several decades. According to the International Association of cruise lines (CLIA), a record number of passengers, 26 million  will take a cruise in 2016, a … Lire la suite

MARCH 2016, WHEN THE MAJOR PORTS OF THE WORLD COMMUNICATE

 

This text is also available in PDF format: when the major ports of the world talk (AutoSaved) – copy

This text explains the performance of port sites by the theory of networks. It indicates that the level of integration of a port site to a network can explain financial profitability and performance. This performance comes from the synergy generated by the sum of the parts of the network. We speak then of “economies of network” or “network effect”.

The ports of the world support international trade

International trade is supported by a vast network of transport. If maritime transport represents … Lire la suite

FEBRUARY 2016, A SIMPLE EQUATION TO EXPLAIN THE MARITIME INNOVATION

This text is also available in PDF format: maritime innovation section – copy

INTRODUCTION

All knowledge of the world, it is the most important, are those who lead us to follow the evolution of our society, to see throughout history where we come from and understand where we are going. Of large industrial and technological innovations, we look at those that have shaped our world and change our ways of doing things.

Innovation as a concept plays an important role in society because it allows the realization of concrete projects by the learned knowledge. It is the vehicle that … Lire la suite

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