ABOUT THE NORTHWEST PASSAGE
History has not forgotten the famous Franklin expedition of 1845. He was desperately seeking the shortest route between Asia and Europe. Like many explorers, he learned that northern Canada is difficult and risky because of cold and ice, because of risks of accidents, hunger and disease. Franklin died with his men, prisoners of an immense territory covered with ice. If they had survived and succeeded, they would have been the heroes of an era, like many European explorers. The distance between Asia and Europe, via the Arctic, is almost twice as short as that … Lire la suite
1-The world economy in 2018
The situation in brief
The year 2018 paves the way for growth for all the major economic blocs of the world that are America, Asia, and Europe. The large debt that has held back the economic recovery of several countries since the recession of 2008 still leaves some traces but the situation is now considered less problematic beacause of favorable global financial environment and recovery in advanced countries. The table below shows the evolution of global growth by block size since 2016. It also presents the forecasts of the World Bank and the International Monetary … Lire la suite
United States (US) represents one fifth of the world economy (GDP of 17 400 billion $). It is considered the world’s largest economy. It also counts for 19 924 kilometers of marine coastline, 6 000 kilometers of river length and 250 000 km2 area of its Great Lakes.  With all these assets, why doesn’t it hold shipping capacity in the world ? The US has become international success in many fields such as automotive, information technology, aeronautics , chemistry, and culture sectors. But, why not in maritime sector ?
Those following figures illustrate the paradox. In 2015, among the … Lire la suite
1-Significant efforts to reduce greenhouse gases around the world
For several years, significant efforts have been made to promote renewable energies. It has been arduous and time-consuming to implement commitments of the Kyoto Protocol and the Conferences of the Parties (COP) United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change. Almost 20 years were needed to develop concerted action on this issue among the world’s major countries. 1
The Paris Agreement of 2015 (COP21) is historic because it engages 195 countries to reduce emissions of greenhouse gases and to stabilize climate warming due to human activities to less than 2 ° C … Lire la suite
As 2016, three trends will describe maritime industry in 2017: 1-an increased volatility of demand 2- a sustained but uneven global recovery 3- a restructuring of the maritime supply. This text presents an analysis of these trends.
1- An increased volatility of demand
1.1 New external factors
Variability of the risk makes demand for transport less predictable. In 2016, several factors triggered this instability, including fluctuations of exchange rates, slowdown of Chinese economy, lower oil prices and difficulties of the European economy.
In 2017, recovering of American and European economies is well engaged. Despite a slight slowdown of the … Lire la suite
By 2015, a lower demand for natural resources has had a considerable impact on the volume of cargo handled at Canadian port authorities. There is a slowdown in activities in almost all port sites. However, this decrease has been more pronounced for 2016.
To understand the differences and determine cause of the declines, we will present an analysis of the activities of three Canadian port authorities; those of Vancouver, Montreal and Quebec City. In this regard, a composite indices measuring the Canadian port activity have been developed. These indices are based on trends in the international trade of over 50 … Lire la suite